Solar Panels

A solar cell (also called photovoltaic cell or photoelectric cell) is a solid state electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect. Which is a physical and chemical phenomenon. It is a form of photoelectric cell, defined as a device whose electrical characteristics,such as current,voltage,or resistance,vary when exposed to light.
  • On-Grid
  • Off-Grid
  • Hybrid
On Grid Solar Panels
  • Your panels generate power that you consume directly using devices and appliances, all through the day. If your usage is conservative, the excess unused power simply gets fed back into the power grid, adding credits to your electricity bill to offset your payment to the Board.
  • At night, when the panels are dormant sans sunlight, you consume power off the grid as always, like any other consumer.
  • These systems are ideal for residential properties, community and public buildings, businesses and schools since they offer the security or backup of still being connected to the power grid.
Off Grid Solar Panels
  • Off-grid systems work independently of the grid but have batteries which can store the solar power generated by the system. The system usually consists of solar panels, battery, charge controller, grid box, inverter, mounting structure and balance of systems. The panels store enough sunlight during the day and use the excess power generated in the night.
Hybrid Solar Panels
  • Hybrid solar systems generate power in the same way as a common grid-tie solar system but use special hybrid inverters and batteries to store energy for later use. This ability to store energy enables most hybrid systems to also operate as a backup power supply during a blackout, similar to a UPS system.

Solar ON Grid / Off Grid Inverters / UPS .All capacities:

A solar inverter , or PV inverter, or Solar converter, converts the variable direct current (DC) output of a photovoltaic (PV) solar panel into a utility frequency alternating current (AC) that can be fed into a commercial electrical grid or used by a local, off-grid electrical network.
Hybrid Solar Inverters
An intelligent hybrid inverter or smart grid inverter is a new generation of dedicated uninterruptible power supply (UPS) applications using renewable energy for home consumption, especially for solar photovoltaic installations.
Off Grid Solar Inverters
There’s no need for an inverter if you’re only setting up solar panels for your boat, your RV, or something else that runs on DC current. You will need an inverter to convert DC to AC for all other electrical appliances.
Off-grid inverters do not have to match phase with the utility sine wave as opposed to grid-tie inverters. Electrical current flows from the solar panels through the solar charge controller and the bank battery bank before it is finally converted into AC by the off-grid-inverter.
Grid-Tie Inverters
A grid-tie inverter is a power inverter that converts direct current (DC) electricity into alternating current (AC) with an ability to synchronize to interface with a utility line. Its applications are converting DC sources such as solar panels or small wind turbines into AC for tying with the grid.

Solar DC Cables in all Varieties

Wire (also known as Cable) is the medium through which electricity is transferred from solar panels to the inverter. All electrical and electronics appliances run through a wire, such as Fans, Lights, Cooler, Refrigerator, Air Conditioners, Water Pump, Mobile Charger, TV, and other appliances. Wires are made with conducting materials, such as Silver, Copper, Aluminum, and Iron. You will find a lot of articles, videos online about the history of wire, so we skip that information here.
Types of Wire:

Generally, there are two types of wires in the market, such as
1. AC Wire
2. DC Wire

What are AC & DC Wire?

In our ecosystem, we use two types of appliances, AC Appliances and DC Appliances. AC Appliances work on 230V AC current whereas DC Appliances work on 12V, 24V, and 48V.
So, let’s understand what is the difference between AC Wire & DC Wire?
Now, we come to the main point – A Solar Wire!

A Solar Panel is a collection of solar cells that is encapsulated with tempered glass and an aluminum frame. It converts free sunlight into usable electricity. Electricity is generated in the form of DC Current and we store this power in a battery bank. Now, why do people also call it a solar wire? Because solar panel output is DC current.

Solar Water A/C and DC Pump Systems

During the past 10 years diesel prices have increased by 25% in average, electricity prices are also moving on an upward graph. Solar water pumping solutions save your diesel or electricity costs with little maintenance and a long product life.
A solar pump uses power derived from sunlight that is converted into electrical power by Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) modules, which give higher power output in the afternoons and lower power output in the early morning and evening. As a result, solar pump works on varying power input and gives varying water output at a given pump duty head. The most important parameters to select a solar pump are: how much water is needed daily, at what pump duty head, and at which location. The location is important because solar energy varies from region to region, and sizing of solar panels depends on the capacity of solar pumps and also solar radiation of that region.
Solar Lighting Systems
Minimizing power conversions can save energy in any electrical system, and LED lighting is a good match for a DC grid and also renewable energy such as solar power in green buildings.

Driven by energy cost, the lighting industry sector has been on an energy-efficiency mission, going back more than half a century to the broad deployment of fluorescent lighting in commercial settings, and gaining in earnest in the 1980s with the development of the compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). Increasingly, however, it’s become clear that minimizing energy usage goes far beyond the light source. Indeed, we have regularly covered controls that can compound savings through occupancy sensing and dimming. The opportunity for better efficiency also extends to the power grid both inside and outside of buildings and to renewable sources such as solar. Let’s discuss how DC-grid technology can deliver significant energy savings, especially when combined with inherently efficient LED sources

The broad topic of DC versus AC grids is beyond our scope here, but if we look inside a commercial building the opportunities for DC distribution become clear (Fig. 1). There are two primary reasons that now may be the time for DC power distribution in buildings. First, we can minimize the number of lossy power conversions with a DC grid. Second, renewable sources such as solar panels produce DC power. And despite the relatively low conversion efficiency of solar panels, they can power efficient LED fixtures.